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TMA INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS CONFERENCE

IMPROVING THE CLINICAL REASONING TO IMPROVE PATIENT SAFETY

21st – 22nd of December

Main Content

Introductions

“IMPROVING THE CLINICAL REASONING TO IMPROVE PATIENT SAFETY”
   The ability to transform medical knowledge into a correct diagnosis is one of the main goals of the physician. The whole process of patient care is complex and prone to errors. Both clinicians and patients rely on an accurate diagnostic process to identify the correct illness and craft a treatment plan, given the costs and dangers of an incorrect diagnosis, improving diagnostic accuracy has been called the next frontier for patient safety.
According to WHO a number of countries have published studies showing that significant numbers of patients are harmed during provision of health services, either resulting in permanent injury, increased length of stay in health care facilities, or even death.  
It is commonly reported that around 1 in 10 hospitalized patients experience harm, with at least 50% preventability.
According to a new studies (WHO 2017), medical errors are the third leading cause of death in the United States. In the United Kingdom, recent estimates show that on average, one incident of patient harm is reported every 35 seconds.  
There are studies emphasizing importance of clinical reasoning and critical thinking in relation to patient safety. Results show that improved clinical reasoning, critical thinking abilities significantly reduces preventable harms to patient during care provision.
Health care professionals need to be flexible in their approach to decision - making and ensure continuity of care. The health care professional’s ability to provide safe, high quality health care can be dependent on their ability to reason, think and judge, which can be limited by lack of experience (Benner,, Hughes,, & Sutphen,, 2008).. Simmons (2010, p. 1155) states that clinical reasoning is a complex cognitive process that uses formal and informal thinking strategies to gather and analyse patient information’’

In this conference we will discuss the concept of critical thinking and clinical reasoning and how they can positively effect on the patients safety.
By our respected keynote speakers and different workshops we will try to deliver this concept to our audience.

Intro reference

  1. Improving Diagnostic Reasoning to Improve Patient Safety
    By MD; Alvin Rajkomar, MD; Gurpreet Dhaliwal
    Published online, summer 2011.
  2. http://www.who.int/patientsafety/en/